The problem you are faced with here is that you have an open differential in your 4×4. Most 4×4’s come factory fitted with open diffs, some are equipped with LSDs (which to me is pretty useless) and in some cases an autolocker. Now an open diff is essential because your wheels turn at different speeds when you are taking a turn. It is very much fun to learn about open diffs. The basic function of open diff is to remove strain on the drive axle. However this comes with a downside, while doing 4×4 maneuvers when the vehicle articulates one wheel on an axle tend to loose ground contact, also when one wheel drives over slippery surface like a mud puddle or soft grass all the drive power is diverted to the wheel with least traction because the purpose of open diff is to divert power to the wheel with least amount of resistance. This is what is happening to you. The best way to counter this problem is by using a locker. Don’t know what a locker is?… well don’t no more. Below I am posting an article about all sorts of lockers. After reading that you will get a basic idea, since you haven’t told me about your extend of off roading I say you make a choice of which one you want for your use….
A locking differential is intended to conquer the central constraint of a standard open differential by basically “locking” the two wheels on a pivot together as though on a typical shaft. This powers the two wheels to turn as one, paying little respect to the footing (or scarcity in that department) accessible to either wheel exclusively.
At the point when the differential is opened (open differential), it enables each wheel to pivot at various paces, (for example, while arranging a turn), in this way keeping away from tire scraping. An open (or opened) differential dependably gives a similar torque (rotational power) to every one of the two wheels, on that pivot. So despite the fact that the wheels can turn at various rates, they apply the same rotational power, regardless of whether one is altogether stationary, and the other turning. (Rise to torque, unequal rotational speed).
By differentiate, a bolted differential powers both left and right wheels on a similar hub to pivot at a similar speed under about all conditions, without respect to tractional contrasts seen at either wheel. Subsequently, each wheel can apply as much rotational power as the footing under it will permit, and the torques on each side-shaft will be unequal. (Unequal torque, measure up to rotational paces). Special cases apply to programmed lockers, talked about underneath.
A bolted differential can give a huge footing advantage over an open differential, however just when the footing under each wheel contrasts fundamentally.
All the above remarks apply to focal differentials and also to those in every pivot: full-time four-wheel-drive (regularly called “All Wheel Drive”) vehicles have three differentials, one in every hub, and a focal one between the front and back axles (exchange case).
Types of lockers
Selectable lockers enable the driver to bolt and open the differential voluntarily from the driver’s seat. This can be expert numerous ways.
- Packed air (pneumatics).
- Link worked system as is utilized on the “Bull Locker.”
- Electronic solenoids and (electromagnetics) like Eaton’s “ELocker.” However, OEMs are starting to offer electronic lockers too. Nissan Corporation’s electric locker can be found as discretionary gear on the Frontier (Navara) and Xterra.
Merits: Allows the differential to execute as an “open” differential for enhanced driveability, mobility, gives full bolting capacity when it is alluring or required
D-merits: Mechanically complex with more parts to come up short. A few lockers expect vehicle to stop for commitment. Needs human cooperation and ground breaking with respect to forthcoming landscape. Incompetent drivers regularly put gigantic weight on driveline parts when leaving the differential in bolted activity on landscape not requiring a locker.
Programmed lockers bolt and open consequently with no immediate contribution from the driver. Some programmed bolting differential outlines guarantee that motor power is constantly transmitted to the two wheels, paying little mind to footing conditions, and will “open” just when one wheel is required to turn speedier than the other amid cornering. These “eventual” all the more effectively named “programmed opening” differentials, in light of the fact that their very still position is bolted. They will never permit either wheel to turn slower than the differential transporter or pivot all in all; yet will allow a wheel to be over-driven speedier than the bearer speed. The most widely recognized case of this compose would be the well known “Detroit Locker,” made by Eaton Corporation, otherwise called the “Detroit No-Spin,” which replaces the whole differential transporter get together. Others, now and then alluded to as “lunchbox lockers,” utilize the stock differential bearer and supplant just the inward bug apparatuses and shafts with interlocking plates. The two sorts of programmed lockers will take into consideration a level of differential wheel speed while turning corners in states of equivalent footing; however will generally bolt both hub shafts together when footing conditions request it.
- Merits: Automatic activity, no driver communication vital, no halting for (dis-) commitment fundamental, consistent driving even in unexpected street condition changes
- D-merits: Increased tire wear and discernible effect on driving conduct. Amid cornering, which half-pivot is uncoupled is subject to torque bearing connected by the driveline. At the point when the torque bearing is switched, the speed of the driveline is all of a sudden compelled to transform from the inward to external hub, joined by tire trilling and a huge jolt. Amid cornering, the programmed locker is described by substantial understeer which changes in a split second to control oversteer when footing is surpassed.
Some other programmed lockers work as an open differential until the point when wheel slip is experienced and after that they bolt up. This style for the most part utilizes an interior senator to screen vehicle speed and wheel slip. A case of this is the Eaton Automatic Locking Differential (ALD), or Eaton Automatic Differential Lock (ADL), created by the Eaton Corporation and presented in 1973 for GM’s Rounded-Line C/K Series pickups and utilities. The Eaton ADL is here and there erroneously called the “Gov-Lok”, in spite of neither GM nor Eaton regularly calling it by that name. “Gov-Lok” is somewhat an informal name of obscure birthplace that picked up notoriety throughout the years. Both Eaton and GM don’t know where the name originated from, and Eaton has made a few unsuccessful endeavors in the past to expose the Gov-Lok name. A refreshed adaptation of the old Eaton ADL configuration is as yet accessible from Eaton, now known as the Eaton mLocker mechanical differential bolt. Some other programmed lockers work as an open differential until the point when high torque is connected and afterward they bolt up. This style for the most part utilizes inside riggings frameworks with high rubbing. A case of this is the ZF “sliding pins and cams” accessible for use in early Volkswagens.
A spool is a gadget that associates the two axles straightforwardly to the ring gear. There is no separation side to side, so a vehicle furnished with a spool will bark tires in turns and may end up unmanageable in wet or blanketed climate. Spools are generally held for rivalry vehicles not driven on the street.
Smaller than expected spool utilizes the stock bearer and replaces just the inside segments of the differential, comparative in establishment to the lunchbox locker. A full spool replaces the whole transporter get together with a solitary machined piece. A full spool is maybe the most grounded methods for locking a pivot, however has no capacity to separate wheel speeds at all, putting high weight on all influenced driveline parts.
The inner bug riggings of an open differential can likewise be welded together to make a bolted hub; this technique isn’t suggested as the welding procedure truly bargains the metallurgical arrangement of the welded segments, and can prompt disappointment of the unit under pressure. On the off chance that it is attractive to have a spooled pivot, the better alternative is to introduce either a small scale spool or a full spool.
Since they don’t work as easily as standard differentials, programmed bolting differentials are regularly in charge of expanded tire wear. Some more established programmed bolting differentials are known for making a clicking or slamming commotion when bolting and opening as the vehicle arranges turns. This is irritating to numerous drivers. Additionally, programmed bolting differentials will influence the capacity of a vehicle to control, especially if a locker is situated in the front hub. Beside tire scraping while at the same time turning any degree on high grating (low slip) surfaces, bolted axles incite understeer and, if utilized on the front hub, will expand directing powers required to turn the vehicle. Moreover, naturally bolting differentials can cause lost control on ice where an open differential would enable one wheel to turn and the other to hold, while not exchanging power. A case of this would be a vehicle stopped sideways on a dangerous review. At the point when the two wheels turn, the vehicle will separate footing and slide the review.
Constrained slip differentials are viewed as a trade off between a standard differential and a locking differential since they work all the more easily, and they do guide some additional torque to the wheel with the most footing contrasted with a standard differential, yet they are not fit for 100% lockup.
Footing control frameworks are additionally utilized as a part of numerous cutting edge vehicles either what’s more or as a substitution of locking differentials. Illustrations are by Volkswagen’s electronic differential bolt (EDL), Opel’s TC+ introduced without precedent for Opel Astra G (2001) and so forth. This isn’t in reality a differential bolt, yet works at each wheel. Sensors screen wheel speeds, and in the event that one is pivoting more than a few (e.g. 100) RPM more than the other (i.e. slipping) the footing control framework immediately brakes it. This exchanges more capacity to the next wheel, yet at the same time utilizes the open differential, which is the same as on autos without the EDL choice. In the event that all drive wheels free footing, at that point throttle control might be naturally connected. Electronic footing control frameworks might be incorporated with electronically monitored slowing mechanisms, which have a comparable activity on braking and utilize some comparative parts. Such frameworks are utilized for instance on the latest Nissan Pathfinder, Land Rover Defender, Land Rover Freelander, the McLaren P1 and the McLaren 650s.